Train–track coupled dynamics analysis: system spatial variation on geometry, physics and mechanics
This paper aims to clarify the influence of system spatial variability on train–track interaction from perspectives of stochastic analysis and statistics. Considering the spatial randomness of system properties in geometry, physics and mechanics, the primary work is therefore simulating the uncertainties realistically, representatively and efficiently. With regard to the track irregularity simulation, a model is newly developed to obtain random sample sets of track irregularities by transforming its power spectral density function into the equivalent track quality index for representation based on the discrete Parseval theorem, where the correlation between various types of track irregularities is accounted for. To statistically clarify the uncertainty of track properties in physics and mechanics in space, a model combining discrete element method and finite element method is developed to obtain the spatially varied track parametric characteristics, e.g. track stiffness and density, through which the highly expensive experiments in situ can be avoided. Finally a train–track stochastic analysis model is formulated by integrating the system uncertainties into the dynamics model. Numerical examples have validated the accuracy and efficiency of this model and illustrated the effects of system spatial variability on train–track vibrations comprehensively.
Keywords: Railway engineering, Stochastic dynamic analysis, Train–track interaction, Vehicle–track coupled dynamics, Track irregularities, Longitudinal inhomogeneity