Study on the void reduction behaviour of porous asphalt pavement based on discrete element method
The objective of this study was to analyse the void reduction behaviour of porous asphalt mixture under load. A three-dimensional discrete element model of porous asphalt mixture based on aggregate gradation and void gradation was built in PFC3D software. The parameter of the model was obtained from creep test. The rutting test was simulated using this discrete element model. And a new method was developed to obtain and analyse the void structure in discrete element model. The simulation results were compared with one of the laboratory test. The comparative analysis indicates that, the discrete element method can be used to simulate the creep response and void reduction behaviour of porous asphalt mixture. Further research shows that porosity, effective porosity, number of connected components and section pores have a good correlation with strain of porous asphalt mixture. With the increase in strain, the proportion of section pores with diameter less than 2 mm increases. In the initial stage of loading, the void reduction is the main reason for rut increment of porous asphalt mixture. In the later stage, the void structure is almost incompressible; the lateral deformation of mixture becomes the domination factor.
Keywords: Porous asphalt mixture, discrete element method, rutting test, void reduction, simulation