Stability of large excavations in laminated hard rock masses: the voussoir analogue revisited
- M. S. Diederichs, P.K. Kaiser
- International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts
The voussoir beam analogue has provided a useful stability assessment tool for more than 55 years and has seen numerous improvements and revisions over the years. In this paper, a simplified and robust iterative algorithm is presented for this model. This approach includes an improved assumption for internal compression arch geometry, simplified displacement determination, support pressure and surcharge analysis and a corrected stabilizing moment in the two dimensional case. A discrete element simulation is used to verify these enhancements and to confirm traditional assumptions inherent in the model. In the case of beam snap-through failure, dominant in hard rock excavations of moderately large span, design criteria are traditionally based on a stability limit which represents an upper bound for stable span estimates. A deflection threshold has been identified and verified through field evidence, which corresponds to the onset of non-linear deformation behaviour and therefore, of initial instability. This threshold is proposed as a more reasonable stability limit for this failure mode in rockmasses and particularly for data limited cases. Design charts, based on this linearity limit for unsupported stability of jointed rock beams, are presented here summarizing critical span–thickness–modulus relationships.