Simulation On Mechanical Behavior Of Cohesive Soil By Distinct Element Method
Analysis in the dynamic mechanical behavior of cohesive soils subjected to external forces is very important in designing and optimizing terrain machines. Distinct Element Method (DEM) is an ideal method to analyze large discontinuous deformations of soil, but the conventional DEM model is difficult in simulating the complex behavior of cohesive soil. In order to simulate and analyze the behavior of cohesive soil accurately, the DEM mechanical model of cohesive soil with parallel bonds between particles was established by considering the capillary and the dynamic viscous forces induced by the presence of water between soil particles. During the excavation process by a bulldozing plate, the dynamic behavior of cohesive soil was simulated by DEM software PFC2D. The phenomena that the discrete particles were bonded into clusters initially, and the clusters were broken into smaller clusters or discrete particles during the excavation process, are consistent with the ruptures and separations of the actual cohesive soils subjected to external forces.
Keywords: Cohesive Soil, Liquid Bridge, Parallel Bond, Discrete Element Method