Ballast bed resistance characteristics based on discrete-element modeling

Author(s)
B. Xiao, G. Wang, H. Yan, S. Song, W. Wang, Z. Zeng
Publisher
Sage
Source
Advances in Mechanical Engineering
Keywords
angle of the shoulder slope, ballast bed shoulder width, ballast grading, Discrete element method, Resistance of ballast bed, sleeper depth
Year
2018

In this study, in situ experiments were conducted to study the changing characteristics of the lateral and longitudinal resistance of a ballast bed, and a three-dimensional model for the ballast bed and sleeper was constructed based on the discrete-element method. The effects of the lateral and longitudinal resistance of the ballast bed, such as gravel ballast grading, sleeper depth, the angle of the shoulder slope, and ballast bed shoulder width, among others, were studied. The results suggest that (1) the lateral and longitudinal resistance of the ballast bed increases with the widening of ballast grading, and within the size distribution limits, the resistance of the ballast bed satisfies the specification; (2) the lateral and longitudinal resistance of ballast bed increases with an increase in the sleeper depth and the resistance of ballast bed satisfies the specifications for sleeper depth greater than 150 mm; (3) the lateral resistance of the ballast bed increases with a decrease in the angle of the shoulder slope, whereas the longitudinal resistance remains unchanged and the resistance of the ballast bed satisfies the specifications for slope gradient of 1:1.75 or less; and finally, (4) the lateral resistance of the ballast bed increases with the widening of the ballast bed shoulder, whereas the longitudinal resistance remains unchanged, and the resistance of ballast bed satisfies the specifications when the shoulder width is greater than 400 mm.

Keywords: Resistance of ballast bed, discrete-element method, ballast grading, sleeper depth, angle of the shoulder slope, ballast bed shoulder width

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