A hybrid discrete bubble-lattice Boltzmann–discrete element model for gas-charged sediments
This paper presents a hybrid discrete bubble-lattice Boltzmann–discrete element modelling framework for simulating gas-charged sediments, especially in the seabed. A discrete bubble model proposed in chemical engineering is adapted in the coupled discrete element/lattice Boltzmann method to model the migration of gas bubbles in saturated sediments involving interactions between gas bubbles and fluid/solid phases. Surface tension is introduced into the discrete bubble model in this work, so that it can handle the complex gas–fluid–solid interface. The lattice Boltzmann and discrete element methods are, respectively, employed to simulate fluid flows and mechanical behaviours of sediments. A velocity interpolation-based immerse boundary method is utilised to resolve the coupling between the fluid flow and the solid/gas phase. The proposed technique is preliminarily validated using simulations of bubble migration in fluids, which is followed by high-resolution investigations of the transport of a gas bubble in seabed sediments. It is demonstrated that this hybrid method can reproduce, to a certain degree, the characters of bubbles moving in seabed sediment tests.
Keywords: Discrete bubble model, Fluid–solid–bubble interaction, Lattice Boltzmann method, Discrete element method, Bond model, Immersed boundary method